With expansion of organic production and environmental care in the last few decades a special group of biopesticides developed. Biopesticides are types of pesticides obtained from natural materials such as microorganisms (fungi, bacteria, viruses,..), plants (plant extracts) and animal world (nematodes) as well as some minerals.
Basic characteristics of biopesticides are that they are less toxic, or not toxic to people, active against the targeted harmful organisms and effective in smaller quantities. This way they are fast-degradable and have no residual action. No resistance of the targeted harmful organisms towards biopesticides has been noticed so far.
Biopesticides are not perfect, they need more time to become effective (slower speed of action) and have weaker persistency (shorter effectiveness). Their development and improvement are recognized as priority in order for them to become potential replacement to conventional pesticides.
Active ingredient: Virus granuloze jabukovog smotavca (CmGV) 1013 virusnih čestica /l, Cydia pomonella Granulosis Virus (CpGV); rod Granulovirus; Familija: Baculoviridae; izolat: Mexican isolate (CpGV – M)
Formulation: SC – Suspension concentrate
Active ingredient: protoksini sa insekticidnim delovanjem, koji su proizvod bakterije Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki (soj EG 2348)
Formulation: WG – water dispersible granules
Class: Bioinsecticide and acaricide with contact action
Active ingredient: live spores of ATCC 74040 of entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana, not less than 2.3 x 107 spores/ml in 100g of the product
Formulation: SC – suspension concentrate of spores in oil
Active ingredient: Neorgansko đubrivo sa mikroelementom Bakar (Cu) 5 %